After multiple days of online consideration, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has picked to insert 33 new World Heritage Sites 2021 to its list, with further conversations to follow. Approximately two dozen cultural sites have been validated, namely Jordan’s renowned limestone city of As-Salt to India’s Harappan City “Dholavira”.
The UNESCO World Heritage Committee did not assemble last year because of the COVID-19 pandemic. In this year’s sitting, situated in Fuzhou, China, virtual attendees from throughout the world, observed entries for 2020 and 2021.
As per UNESCO, structures should be of “outstanding worldwide significance” in order to be marked on the World Heritage List. The nomination operation can take years, and if a monument does not make the list one year, it may be reassessed at the very next UNESCO convention.
So far, the UNESCO included 33 latest cultural and natural sites to its World Heritage list. Among the structures introduced to the list at the prolonged 44th session of UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee was a classic solar observatory in Peru, a historic Harappa city in India, and a railway joining the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf.
“Few Natural Sites Have Been Included”: UNESCO
To get the list, sites must achieve one of many criteria. Probably they are “a distinctive or at least uncommon testimonial to a live or perished cultural heritage or civilization.” Alternatively, they may comprise “superlative natural phenomena or spots of unprecedented natural beauty and masterful importance.”
If a structure is labeled as a UNESCO World Heritage site, the country can get monetary support as well as specialist advice from UNESCO to better shield the monument.
According to a UNESCO representative, proceedings are likely to end on Friday, July 30. So far, a few natural sites have been included in list, namely Thailand’s Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex, it is acknowledged for its rare plants and birds.
Two Indian Structures Were Also Inserted in UNESCO List
Two Indian structures were also inserted: Ramappa Temple, also referred to as Rudreshwara, which is now a UNESCO site attributed to its ‘floating’ brickwork, and the historical city of Dholavira.
Twin Joy !!! Historic Bronze Age Ancient City of Dholavira gets inscribed on the World Heritage List at the 44th Session of the World Heritage Committee. @ASIGoI @MinOfCultureGoI @harshvshringla @IndiaUNNewYork @IndianDiplomacy @MEAIndia @DrSJaishankar @PMOIndia @narendramodi pic.twitter.com/2bo8d1iMD9
— India at UNESCO (@IndiaatUNESCO) July 27, 2021
Telangana's Crest jewel is India's pride! 44th Session of the World Heritage Committee inscribes Kakatiya Rudreshwara ( Ramappa) Temple to the World Heritage list. @VishalVSharma7@ASIGoI@MinOfCultureGoI@PMOIndia@narendramodi @MEAIndia @IndianDiplomacy @IndiaUNNewYork pic.twitter.com/iRjL7DaQPk
— India at UNESCO (@IndiaatUNESCO) July 25, 2021
The rock art of Saudi Arabia’s Hima Cultural Area was also featured, as was the French city of Nice, while spa towns from throughout Europe, including Bath, England, and Frantikovy Lázn in the Czech Republic was affirmed as a collective group.
UNESCO Destination Map and Impact on Tourism
The UNESCO label also places it on the destination map and is often regarded with boosting tourist numbers.
On the other hand, a few of the most notable UNESCO sites have also got to be synonymous with the over-tourism trend in recent years, namely the canal side city of Venice, which has been jeopardized by forfeiting its UNESCO position given the impact of tourists, and the Peruvian archaeological wonder of Machu Picchu, which endeavored with overwhelming footfall prior to the pandemic.
Following is a list of the very recent World Heritage Sites
1. Dholavira: A Harappan City (India)
2. Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple, Telangana (India)
3. Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt (Germany)
4. ShUM Sites of Speyer, Worms and Mainz (Germany)
5. Frontiers of the Roman Empire — The Lower German Limes (Germany/the Netherlands)
6. Chankillo Archaeoastronomical Complex (Peru)
7. Arslantepe Mound (Turkey)
8. The Great Spa Towns of Europe (Austria, Belgium, Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom of Great Britain, and Northern Ireland)
9. Colonies of Benevolence (Belgium/Netherlands)
10. Nice, Winter Resort Town of the Riviera (France)
11. Cordouan Lighthouse (France)
12. Padua’s fourteenth-century fresco cycles (Italy)
13. Roșia Montană Mining Landscape (Romania)
14. Sítio Roberto Burle Marx (Brazil)
15. Paseo del Prado and Buen Retiro, a landscape of Arts and Sciences (Spain)
16. Quanzhou: Emporium of the World in Song-Yuan China (China)
17. The Porticoes of Bologna (Italy)
18. Trans-Iranian Railway (Iran)
19. Ḥimā Cultural Area (Saudi Arabia)
20. Amami-Oshima Island, Tokunoshima Island, Northern part of Okinawa Island, and Iriomote Island (Japan)
21. The work of engineer Eladio Dieste: Church of Atlántida (Uruguay)
22. Kaeng Krachan Forest Complex (Thailand)
23. As-Salt – The Place of Tolerance and Urban Hospitality (Jordan)
24. Jomon Prehistoric Sites in Northern Japan (Japan)
25. Colchic Rainforests and Wetlands (Georgia)
26. Getbol, Korean Tidal Flats (South Korea)
27. Settlement and Artificial Mummification of the Chinchorro Culture in the Arica and Parinacota Region (Chile)
28. Sudanese style mosques in northern Côte d’Ivoire (Côte d’Ivoire)
29. The works of Jože Plečnik in Ljubljana – human-centered Urban Design (Slovenia)
30. The Slate Landscape of Northwest Wales (United Kingdom)
31. Petroglyphs of Lake Onega and the White Sea (Russia)
32. Ivindo National Park (Gabon)
33. Cultural Landscape of Hawraman/Uramanat (Iran)