Indian navy is the Naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces, commanded by the President of India. It is one of the most powerful navies around the globe and has been guarding India for hundreds of years. However, there are some peculiar questions, which either no one asks about the Navy or if they ask, the answers are hard to find. So today, here are some of the amazing facts about the Naval Forces, which are not that easy to find the er to.
Que 1: How old is the Indian Navy?
Indian Navy origin traces back to 1612 when the East India Company’s Marine was founded to protect British merchant shipping in the region. By the year 1793, the British East India Company had established its rule over the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent i.e. Bengal.
However, in the year 1830, the colonial navy was titled as “His Majesty’s Indian Navy”, which protected Indian waters. In 1934, it was renamed as “Royal Indian Navy”. In the year 1950, when Indian became a republic through the constitution, it was again renamed as ‘Indian Navy’.
Thus, in a way, the Indian Navy is more than 400 years old.
Que 2: Why is Chatrapati Shivaji known as ‘Father of Indian Navy’?
Maharaja Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale is considered as the father of India Navy. He had built a great military organisation for his empire including a strong naval presence across the coast of Konkan and Goa to protect sea trade. He understood the importance of having a secured coastline to protect his kingdom.
The navy built by Shivaji was strong enough to let Marathas hold their lines against the British, Portuguese and Dutch. In 1664-67 AD, Shivaji developed a new Fort on Kurte Island near Malvan, Konkan to counter the rising influence of foreign colonizers (The English, Dutch, French and the Portuguese merchants) and to curb the rise of Siddis of Janjira aka the Siddi’s Fleet.
He even built ships in towns such as Kalyan, Bhivandi, and Goa for building a fighting foreign navy as well as to manage and operate trade affairs through sea route. He also built sea forts, repair bases, storages & shelters. He fought multiple battles with Siddis Fleet and extended his fleet to include 160 to 700 merchant, support and fighting vessels.
He was the one who laid down the foundation stone of the Indian Navy that it is today.
Que 3: Who are MARCOS?
MARCOS or Marine Commandos are the special commando force or the secret force, raised by Indian Navy. Their main function is to counter-terrorism attack, direct action, and recon and rescue missions. They are said to be ‘the few, the fearless’. MARCOS is the most feared soldiers amongst India’s enemies and is the most efficient special force.
MARCOS are notably known for successfully carrying out some of the most remarkable missions for the Navy including 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks rescue missions. The mission was named ‘Operation Black Tornado’.
MARCOS are capable of operating in all types of environments including at sea, through the air and on land. MARCOS is reputedly named as ‘Dadhiwala Fauj’ (bearded army) by militants in Kashmir & terrorists, owing to their bearded disguise.
Soldiers are given rigorous training for becoming a MARCOS. The training is considered the toughest in the world and involves training in different environments under the most torturing and frustrating situations. Reportedly, the trainees have a 90% drop-out rate during training and recruitment.
Que 4: How powerful is the Indian Navy?
As of June 2019, Indian Navy has 67,228 personnel in service (10,393 officers and 56,835 sailors against a sanctioned strength of 11,827 officers and 71,656 sailors) working with a fleet of 137 warships and 235 aircraft. The Indian Navy is the 4th largest Navy in the world. As of May 2019, Indian Navy possesses:
– 1 aircraft carrier
– 1 Torpedo recovery vessels
– 1 amphibious warfare ship
– 1 nuclear-powered attack submarine
– 1 Ballistic missile submarine
– 1 Deep submergence rescue submersibles
– 4 Replacement Ships
– 4 Training Vessels
– 4 fleet tankers
– 6 Support Ships
– 6 Landing Crafts
– 8 Landing ship tanks
– 9 Research and survey vessels
– 10 large offshore patrol vessels
– 10 destroyers
– 13 frigates
– 15 conventionally-powered attack submarines
– 19 Tug Boats
– 19 Patrol Vessels.
– 22 corvettes
– 24 Miscellaneous Vessels
– 110 Patrol Boats
Apart from this, Indian Navy owns several following aircraft operating under different wings:
– 1 Boeing P-8 Poseidon
– 6 Dornier Do 228
– 1 Kiran MK-2
– 1 HAL HJT 16
– 2 Mikoyan MiG-29K,
– 8 HAL Tejas
It also has HAL HPT-32 Deepak & BAE Systems Hawk (Number not known)
Rotary Wing Aircraft
– 2 HAL Chetak,
– 1 HAL Dhruv,
– 1 Kamov Ka-28,
– 1 Kamov Ka-31,
– 2 Westland Sea King 42B
– 1 Sikorsky UH-3H
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles:
– 3 IAI Heron IAI Searcher Mk-II
Besides, the Indian navy also has 1 Ilyushin IL-38 & 1 Britten-Norman Islander (Squadron source not found)
Note: The Indian Navy uses ‘INS’ & ‘INAS’ as a prefix before it’s all the vessel/submarines and aircraft/helicopters respectively. ‘INS’ Stands for Indian Naval Ship or Indian Naval Stations and INAS stands for Indian Naval Air Squadron.