In AIIMS, a team of doctors performed an extremely rare surgery on baby, still in the womb of the mother. The rare feat of the doctors earned lauds from Prime Minister Narendra Modi and health minister Mansukh Mandaviya. The team of proficient doctors performed an extremely rare surgery on the grape-sized heart of a 28-week-old fetus in the mother’s womb.

According to reports, the pregnant woman had a history of two miscarriages and the death of one child due to a heart-related ailment. However, she was determined to continue her pregnancy despite the poor heart condition of the fetus.

The cardiologists and doctors from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at AIIMS performed the procedure to stop the closing of the main valve in the fetus’s heart. While the preparation for the surgery took almost a week, the actual procedure lasted only 90 seconds.

The woman’s delivery is scheduled in 2-4 weeks, and a second surgery of balloon dilation of the aortic valve (with a bigger balloon) is likely to be performed after the birth of the child in the first week. According to one of the doctors from the cardiologists’ team, the fetus’s main valve was closed due to less blood flow, and if left untreated, it would have become a case of Aortic Atresia at the time of birth.

The Facts of the Matter

The human body is a marvel of biological engineering, with numerous complex systems working together to sustain life. Unfortunately, sometimes these systems do not develop correctly, leading to health complications that can be life-threatening.

This is where the skill and expertise of medical professionals come into play. In a recent groundbreaking medical procedure, a team of doctors at AIIMS performed a complicated dilation procedure on a grape-sized heart of a 28-week fetus in the mother’s womb in just 90 seconds.

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Mother had Suffered 3 Miscarriages

A team of doctors at AIIMS recently performed a groundbreaking procedure on a 28-year-old pregnant patient who had suffered three previous pregnancy losses. The parents wanted to continue with the current pregnancy despite the fetus having a serious heart condition. The doctors informed them about the risks involved, but the parents consented to the procedure in the hope of improving the outcome.

Balloon Dilation on Grape Sized Heart

The procedure, called balloon dilation of an obstructed valve in the baby’s heart, was performed by a team of interventional cardiologists and fetal medicine specialists at the Cardiothoracic Sciences Centre. Under ultrasound guidance, a needle was inserted through the mother’s abdomen into the baby’s heart, and a balloon catheter was used to open the obstructed valve to improve blood flow.

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The Complexity Of the Procedure

According to the senior doctor who performed the surgery, “such a procedure is very challenging as it can risk even the life of a fetus.”

“Everything has to be done under ultrasound guidance, and it has to be done very quickly because you’re going to puncture the major heart chamber. So if something goes wrong, the baby will die. It has to be very quick, shoot and dilate and come out,” the doctor was further quoted saying in an NDTV report.

Despite the risks, the procedure was successful, and both the fetus and the mother are doing well. The doctors are monitoring the growth of the heart chambers to determine the baby’s future management.

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PM Modi, Health Minister Lauds Rare Feat

The rare feat of the doctors who committed to the intricate surgery and saw it through was also lauded by Indian PM Narendra Modi and Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya.

“Proud of India’s doctors for their dexterity and innovation,” PM Modi’s tweet read.

I congratulate the team of doctors of @AIIMS_NewDelhi for performing successful rare procedure on grape size heart of a fetus in 90 seconds. My prayers for the well-being of the baby and the mother,” the Health Minister tweeted.


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