The world is moving ahead in every single manner. However, one thing that comes along the development and advancements is problems. And advance problems demand advanced solutions.
Amongst the biggest problems that humans face, medical emergencies and treatment of diseases are the most hectic ones. Well, for one reason, unlike most of the problems that humans face, medical problems pose a direct threat to the life of human beings.
However, one thing that is more severe from all of the medical emergencies is facing surgery.
Surgeries are painful as they involve cuts and scars to operate and take a long recovery time. Further, surgery of sensitive body parts like heart, brain or the spine calls for extra care. Having a careless attitude and overlooking a small thing will have catastrophic outcomes curing which can be expensive in terms of time, money and life.
However, these big scars, long recovery time and a lot of medical assistance post-surgeries can soon become a thing of past. This is because researchers at IIT Madras claim that they have created a robot which can conduct surgery on the spinal cord. This is unique because the technology promises to be less painful than conventional methods of surgery. Not only this, it will be more affordable for patients. If it is true then it will be India’s 1st ‘Spine Surgery Robot’.
The team of researchers at IIT-Madras have developed this ‘Spine Surgery Robot’ which is works on image-guided technology. It uses a conventional image-guided robotic system for conducting an operation on patients. Further, the robot operates using minimally invasive methods. It does not require a bigger cut on the body like open surgery but operates through very small cuts and holes.
Professor Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam, who is in charge of this project says “Minimally invasive spinal surgeries yield superior results compared to open spinal surgeries (needs expertise) with faster recovery time, lower infections and better outcomes.”
The robots will inject small metal sting like tools in the body of the patient and will operate using an image-guided system. This way, there will be no major cuts or scars in the body of the patient and thus the recovery time will be cut short by a big chunk.
The project has been exhibited at the TechEX event at IIT Delhi where the world witnesses the innovative technology. Currently, the project is funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Department and is being developed under Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY).
On further adding to the topic, Professor Mohanasankar Sivaprakasam said “This product will also increase the safety of the procedure for the patient and reduce surgeon’s radiation exposure. The system will include an external position tracker to independently track the tool placement and robotic position on need basis and provide intra-operative guidance.”
Further, the team will work on a calibration step where the external trackers will be aligned with world coordinates to the 3D model and robot coordinate. After the completion of this calibration, any movement of the tracker can be extrapolated on to the 3D model and the surgery plan. The system will have a rigid and high-impact-withstanding end effector or gripper to hold and position various tools and instruments to perform the surgery.
Although this robot won’t is the first time that robots will be used for conducting surgeries but it is the first surgery robot which will be working on a spine from India’s. After the successful completion of this project, doctors will be able to conduct surgeries with the assistance of robots at very affordable prices.
This technology should be developed more to be able to conduct other kinds of surgeries as well such as neural surgeries, heart-bypass, and much more. It will change the face of the medical industry.