None of us is unaware of the fact that India ranks 2nd in the world when it comes to most populated countries in the world. However, in a recent report by the World Health Organization (WHO), it has been reported that 15 Of The Top 20 Most Polluted Cities Are In India.
WHO advisory states that the density of fine particles which have a diameter of fewer than 2.5 micrometres should not be exceeding 10 micrograms per cubic metre (1 Gram = 1000000 Micrograms).
Indian cities that have made it to the list of top 20 most polluted cities include Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Bhiwadi, Noida, Patna, Lucknow, Jodhpur, Muzaffarpur, Varanasi, Moradabad, Agra, Gaya and Jind. However, Delhi moved down the chart to acquire an 11th spot on the list. If we talk about the most polluted cities from among 15 Indian cities, Gurugram holds the 1st position with an average annual particulate matter (PM 2.5) quality of 135 grams per cubic metre.
Studies conducted by W.H.O. have rendered reports which suggest that air pollution is one of the main reasons for life taking diseases and disorders. Respiratory diseases like asthma and changes in lung function, cardiovascular diseases, adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth or death of an unborn child are the major effects of air pollution. In fact, if Children are exposed to traffic-related air pollution, it can cause a chemical imbalance in their brains. It is one of the main reasons for mental health issues like depression and anxiety,
If we do not address air pollution even at these alarming levels, then soon we won’t be curable.
Individually we should do our bit by adopting behavioural changes. We need to value the environment. There are a huge number of solutions exist at government and scientific levels. World governments should also invest in effectively planning urban development, by using energy-efficient and environmentally friendly techniques. The main source of pollution is urban public transport system which needs to be turned green by adopting innovative techniques.
Agricultural wastes & Industrial discharges must be mitigated with serious dedication.
Not only Industries but domestic discharges generated during cooking, lighting & heating also contribute to Air Pollution. The government shall concentrate on developing clean household fuels. It is high time that demands immediate and effective action. We, at our end, shall also support the government in creating amazing eco-system for all of us.
India is is just a beginner in rapid industrialization and urbanization. We must develop policy measures to prevent the situation from becoming worse.