Just after the iPhone 12 launch announcement, 5G became a common topic and is expected to be in India by 2021.
But why is 5G necessary? Here is all that you need to know about 5G.

What is 5G?

5G is the 5th generation mobile network.5G which is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices via a new kind of network. The main purpose of 5Gtechnology is to deliver higher multi-Gbps peak data speeds, massive network capacity, increased availability, ultra-low latency, more reliability, wirelessly, and a more uniform user experience to more users. Higher performance and improved efficiency empower new user experiences and connect new industries together

Who Owns 5G?

No company or person owns 5G but many companies are working to bring it to life. But Qualcomm and other big IT com have played a major role in inventing the many foundational technologies that drive the industry forward and makeup 5G, the next wireless standard. There are several reasons that 5G will be better than 4G, the few of them are listed below:
The variety of things that 5G is designed to so to transform our lives are like giving us faster download speeds, low latency, and more capacity and connectivity for billions of devices—especially in the areas of virtual reality (VR), the IoT, and artificial intelligence (AI).

5G, which is a unified platform is surely more capable than 4G. As 4G LTE is mainly focused on delivering much faster mobile broadband services than 3G, 5G is mainly designed to be unified, and provide a more capable platform that not only elevates mobile broadband experiences but also supports some new and astonishing services such as mission-critical communications and the massive IoT. Native support to all spectrum types (licensed, shared, unlicensed) and bands (low, mid, high), with a good range of deployment models (from traditional macro-cells to hotspots), and new ways to interconnect (such as device-to-device and multi-hop mesh) are powers of 5G.

5G Speed

4G is slower than 5G. 5G can be significantly faster than 4G. 5G can deliver peak data rates up to 20 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) and average data rates of 100+ Megabits-per-second (Mbps).
5G is designed in a way that it could deliver peak data rates up to 20 Gbps based on IMT-2020 requirements. And on Qualcomm Technologies which are designed to achieve up to 7.5 Gbps in downlink peak data rates, like flagship 5G solutions, the Qualcomm® Snapdragon™ X55 and Snapdragon X60 Modem-RF Systems.

But 5G is not only about how fast it is. But, in reality to higher peak data rates, 5G is designed in a way that it could provide much more network capacity by expanding into new spectra, such as mmWave.5G which is also designed to get the most benefit out of every bit of spectrum across a wide array of available spectrum regulatory paradigms and bands—millimeter wave (mmWave) which is from low bands below 1 GHz to mid bands from 1 GHz to 6 GHz to high bands.

5G will have more capacity than 4G. 5G is designed in a way that it can support a 100x increase in traffic capacity and network efficiency.
5G has lower latency than 4G.5G has significantly lower latency, as compared to 4G, to deliver more instantaneous, real-time access: in end-to-end latency down to 1ms which is a 10x decrease. This also means that it can provide an overall more uniform user experience by also delivering much lower latency for a more immediate response so that the data rates stay consistently high—even when users are moving around. And the new 5G NR mobile network is backed up by a Gigabit LTE coverage foundation, which can provide ubiquitous Gigabit-class connectivity.

The impact of 5G on the world would be Global Growth. About $13.2 Trillion dollars of global economic output, 22.3 Million new jobs created and $2.1 Trillion dollars in GDP growth Through a landmark 5G Economy study, it has been found that by 2035, 5G’s full economic effect will likely be realized across the globe —potentially enabling up to $13.2 trillion worth of goods and services by supporting a wide range of industries. The impact of 5G would be much greater than previous network generations. The development requirements of the new 5G network are also expanding beyond the traditional mobile networking players to industries such as the automotive industry. One of the studies also revealed that the 5G value chain (including OEMs, operators, content creators, app developers, and consumers) could alone support up to 22.3 million jobs, in Beijing, China it would be like more than one job for every person. And there are many emerging and new applications that will still be defined in the future. Only time will tell what the full “5G effect” on the economy is going to be.
Few examples of possibilities with 5G are that, you can access new and improved experiences including near-instant access to cloud services, multiplayer cloud gaming, shopping with augmented reality, and real-time video translation and collaboration, and many more, possibilities are unexplored.

All major Android phone manufacturers are commercializing 5G phones. And soon, even more, it is expected that even more people will be able to access 5G. 5G is already launched in many countries today, and global operators started launching new 5G networks in early 2019. Also, in 2020, many countries expect nationwide 5G mobile networks. 5G has a much faster rollout and adoption compared with 4G. 5G has been deployed in 35+ countries and still counting. But for now, it is hard to predict when everyone will have access to 5G, it is great seeing such a good momentum of 5G launches in its first year and we expect more countries to launch their 5G networks in 2020 and beyond like Apple has launched in iPhone 12 with 5G technology, more mobile companies are expected to do the same in the future.

Countries Having 5G Technology

  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bahrain
  • Canada
  • China
  • Czech Republic
  • Finland
  • Germany
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Kuwait
  • Maldives
  • Monaco
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Saudi Arabia
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Thailand
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States of America
  • Virgin Islands, U.S.

It would be mandatory for everyone to get a new smartphone that supports 5G if you want to be able to use the network. Users can buy smartphones powered by the Snapdragon X55 or Snapdragon X60 Modem-RF System as they are 5G compatible.
Several new mobile phones that are designed to support 5Gare available in the market and multiple carriers across the world will support the 5G wireless network. More smartphones and carrier subscriptions will become available as the 5G rollout timeline will progress, as 5G technology and 5G compatible devices will become more mainstream.
Reliance Jio chairman Mukesh Ambani is expected to unveil Jio’s 5G rollout plan in India. Reliance Industries Limited AGM first announced its ‘homegrown 5G’ plans 2020. At the event, Jio has developed a 5G solution from scratch and that it will be ready for trials as soon as the 5G spectrum will be available for field deployment in 2021 Ambani announce, so by 2022 5G is expected to take India’s network market.