The Supreme Court has approved the Central Vista Project which includes the construction of the new parliament by a 2:1 majority. Justice AM Khanwilkar said that the grant of the environmental clearance and the notification for change in land use for the project was valid. 

Justice Dinesh Maheshwari has ordered the government to install smog towers, use anti-smog guns and use environment friendly construction material for the Central Vista project.  However, Justice Sanjiv Khanna disagreed with the judgment. 

What is the Central Vista Project?  

The central vista project was declared by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs in September 2019. The project aims to reconstruct and to renovate the government buildings in the 4-Kilometer areas stretching from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate in Delhi. 

It includes construction of a new Parliament Building, a common central secretariat, new residences for the PM and vice president and a new building for the Prime Minister’s Office. The estimated cost for the project development will be ₹ 20,000-crore. The new triangular parliament building will be constructed in 64,500 sq. meter area. It will have 888 seats for the Lok Sabha members and 384 seats for the Rajya Sabha members. 

The prime minister’s new residence will be constructed in a 30,351 m2 area and it will have 10 buildings. 

What are the concerns related to the project?  

In April 2020, a petition was filed in the Supreme Court challenging the construction of the central visa project. The petition raised concern over certain issues including the changes in land use and the environmental clearances for the construction. 

On 5th January, a three-judge bench of the court granted a green signal for the Central Vista project.